Research in Sloyd Education and Crafts Science B:2/1996

Sloyd competence in  Nordic culture
Part III 
Approaches to the nature of educational sloyd and craft

Linnéa Lindfors, Juhani Peltonen &
Mia Porko (Eds.)



Seija Kojonkoski-Rännäli: Craft as a means of developing the moderna individual

Minna Uotila: New approaches to craft research - educational address

Jorunn Spord Borgen: Constructing symbols of norwegianness: how to understand the invisible in the visible

Mikkel Holmbäck: Rudiments of a sloyd pedagogy

Marléne Johansson: Craft and design (slöjd) - sociocultural reproduction and new creation

Mia Porko: Sloyd education and phenomenography

Pasi Kankare: Technology education in the perspective of Finnish sloyd

Ari Alamäki: Improving sloyd through reflective practice in early childhood education

Lázaro Moreno Herrera: Creativity in Cuban Teaching, Educación Laboral An experimental work

Åbo Akademi
PB 311
65101 Vasa, Finland
Tel +358 (0)6-3247 111

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Seija Kojonkoski-Rännäli
University of Turku
Department of teacher education in Rauma

Craft as means of developing the modern individual


This article is based on the concept of man as an individual whole consisting of all the elements of existence, whether material, biological or intellectual, and also on the writer's concern for our basic education, which develops the modern individual one-sidedly only in the area of intellectual and abstract skills. The human body as an instrument for acquiring experiential knowledge cannot be left unused or undeveloped without producing fatal consequenses to nature, to man himself and to the whole of society.

Keywords: craft, experiential learning, growing responsibility, versatile development, practical skills.


Minna Uotila
University of Helsinki

New approaches to craft research - educational address


The study investigates a theorethical problem concerning the essence of the relation between human being and art and craft. The main question is: In what way we can treat and teach art and craft as both concrete material form and imaginary content, involved in such a way in our everyday being, that it contributes to the maintenance and development of our identity and way-of-being. An epistemological analysis reveals that a possible solution could be found with the support of feminist and phenomenological approaches to knowledge. On the basis of Heidegger’s philosophy of art daring and innovative combination of different dimensions of art and craft raises the possibility to create universes that manifest open-mindedness and preparedness to understand the unique essence of craft.

Keywords: craft theory, art theory, phenomenology, body, gender, feminism.


Jorunn Spord Borgen
Universitetet i Bergen, Seksjon for Kunsthistorie

Constructing symbols of norwegianness:
how to understand the invisible in the visible


In 1992, a Norwegian national scale prize contest related to the 1994 Winter Olympic Games was arranged, with the objective of defining symbols of "Norwegianness". This cultural event had a limited impact on our opinion about Norwegianness in the 1990-ties. But, are there more to this event than is visible? This question is connected to some aspects of Pierre Bourdieus´ cultural theory, and are discussed with relation to my empirical study.

Keywords: Cultural Theory, Pierre Bourdieu, Aesthetics, Construction of Knowledge


Mikkel Holmbäck
The Royal Danish School of Educational Studies
Department of Aesthetic and Media Education

Rudiments of a sloyd pedagogy


The formal-educative pedagogical justification of introducing sloyd into Danish schools about the turn of the century would seem to be still going strong within present-day sloyd practice. A practice; which is predominantly anchored to actually exercised routine practice and the practical knowledge derived from it. In conjunction with the absence of proper didactics for the subject, this gives rise to a pedagogical backlog, as viewed in the light of the current cultural modernization. The increasing contingency explodes the traditional curriculum and demands a critical, explicit formulation of what is actually at stake when sloyd is being put into practice. The article offers a proposal as to what paths might be taken.

Keywords: social and cultural, reproduction, reason, knowledge, habitus


Marléne Johansson
Göteborg university, Sweden
Department of Hand Crafts and Home Economics

Craft and design (slöjd) - sociocultural reproduction and new creation


In a multicultural society the students come to craft and design education with different cultural and social backgrounds. The students’ and teachers’ experiences are reproduced and transformed, and produce new knowledge about human activity. This article is kept together under the theme sociocultural reproduction and new creation and contains main results from the Swedish evaluation of the subject craft and design (slöjd), results from students’ and teachers’ diary notes and the result of the analysis of the students’ participation in the work processes in craft and design. A short report from the current craft and design research together with video recording from craft and design classes is treated from the same aspect.

Keywords: craft and design, slöjd, cultural traditions, evaluation, diary, video recording.


Mia Porko
Åbo Akademi University
Faculty of Education, Vasa

Sloyd education and phenomenography


The aim of this article is to discuss how the phenomenographic research method could be used in sloyd educational research. The article presents the sloyd educational paradigm that prevails at Åbo Akademi University in Vasa and some of the research that has been done according to it. Further on the phenomenographic method is presented and discussed in combination with research in sloyd education. The article ends with a short presentation of some results that derive from a small study where phenomenography has been used in sloyd educational research in order to learn more about students´ conceptions of sloyd.

Keywords: sloyd, sloyd education, phenomenography


Pasi Kankare
University of Turku
Department of Teacher Training in Rauma

Technology education in the perspective of Finnish sloyd


This article describes Finnish sloyd education and how technology is involved in it. Sloyd education in Finland is divided into two components, textile and technical sloyd; technology is examined only from the point of view of technical sloyd. Special attention is paid to the conceptual definition of technology and sloyd. Technology and its impact on our everyday life is quite enormous. In spite of this fact, there is a demand that the Finnish cultural heritage and its special characteristics should be maintained in sloyd education. This aspect is brought forward by reviewing the development of sloyd education and sloyd education teacher training.

Keywords: Technology, handicraft, sloyd.


Ari Alamäki
University of Turku
Department of Teacher Education in Rauma

Improving sloyd through reflective practice in early childhood education


The aim of this article is to review sloyd as a part of early childhood education. In this article possibilities of improving sloyd through reflective practice are sought. The article is based on a study which reviews craft (sloyd) and technology as components of early childhood education. At the beginning of the article, the fundamentals of sloyd are dealt with; then the results of the study are presented and conclusions based on these are drawn. In the article the reflective practice of the early childhood educator is seen as a way of improving sloyd.

Keywords: early childhood education, reflective practice, sloyd


Lázaro Moreno Herrera
Instituto Superior Pedagógico Pinar del Rio, Cuba

Creativity in Cuban Teaching, Educación Laboral
An experimental work


In this article, the longitudinal studies of the development of the students´ creativity during craft and design classes are described. Otto Salomon (1849-1907), internationally well-known craft and design educationalist, was born in Gothenburg and started a school
for craft and design at Nääs in 1872. Salomon had a large circle of acquaintances and contacts were made with officials, principals and teachers all over the world. The courses at Nääs craft and design school were attended by representatives from 35 different countries. The Swedish professor, Aron Heidengren, was the person who introduced craft and design education in Cuba according to Otto Salomon’s Swedish model but adapted to Cuban conditions. At the beginning of the 1990’s, a Cuban researcher, Lázaro Moreno Herrera, got in contact with Swedish mediated by in order to carry out research about the roots of Cuban craft and design.Through continued contacts with Sweden through among others the Nordic craft and design organisation, NordFo (Nordic Forum for Research and Development in Craft and Design), the lecturer and Ph. D. candidate, Lázaro Moreno Herrera, here presents an article on his research.The study of thedifferent factors conditioning the development of creativity in children is very complex. It is shown how a flexible, participatory teaching regime, which permits and stimulates the children´s interests, becomes a stimulates of their creative potentialities.

Keywords: Otto Salomon, creativity, craft and design, Cuba.


NordFo Techne serien Redaktionsrådet
Juha Hartvik, Mia Porko-Hudd